The long-awaited day has come! You’re now embarking on an Arctic expedition. You’re so excited to experience all the hidden miracles of this frozen land, right? Breathtaking icy landscapes, mighty icebergs, and amazing wildlife are among just a few of the things that you can see around the Northern Hemisphere.
The enchanting yet mysterious Arctic kingdom has always astonished human eyes. We have heard so much about mesmerizing icefields, incredible animals, and astounding nature.
But the Arctic Circle has many undiscovered secrets. And now, it’s your turn to bring them to light.
So, read on to learn 10 impressive facts about the Arctic wonderland before starting your discovery!
Fact 1. Narwhal – the Arctic Sea Unicorn
When you’re on your Arctic journey in the summertime, there is a high chance you will have the opportunity to see the sea unicorns—narwhals. You can recognize them by their sharp tusk (nearly 10 feet long) jutting from their heads. Why narwhals need this tusk is still unknown, but scientists think that it may serve for mating rituals and only males have it.
If you’re lucky on your expedition, you may observe a group of narwhals (up to 10-15 members) swimming through the Arctic water. So don’t forget to take your camera and capture a lovely shot from your trip!
Fact 2. Polar Bears Aren’t So White
Polar bears don’t have white fur — do you know that? Their fur consists of thousands of transparent, hollow hairs which appear white because of the way they reflect light. As a result, this white camouflage helps polar bears hunt in the snowy Arctic land.
There is another interesting fact about these mighty mammals: polar bears are excellent swimmers! Sometimes they can be spotted 200 miles away from land. Sounds impressive, right?
Fact 3. Arctic Foxes – the Iconic Animals of the Arctic Region
Arctic foxes are well-adapted to frigid temperatures, and they can survive in temperatures even as low as –58°F. But that’s not the only cool fact about these amazing creatures. They can change their fur color from white to grey when winter ends, and its fluffy tail helps the arctic fox keep balance and survive icy conditions.
Fact 4. Arctic Wolves – the Key Inhabitants of the Arctic Tundra
Arctic wolves, or white wolves, are a subspecies of the grey wolf that live in the Arctic areas of Greenland and North America. If you’re on your arctic expedition, it’s highly likely that you’ll meet this beautiful, majestic animal! A curious fact about arctic wolves is that they have two layers of fur that grow thicker when winter comes.
Fact 5. Indigenous Communities Live in the Arctic
Do you know how many people live in the Arctic? The number is surprising: 4 million people live in this icy cold region, although indigenous communities comprise only 10% of the entire Arctic population. The Inuit, the Yupik, and the Saami are among 40 ethnic groups who are settled in the Arctic.
Another interesting fact about these indigenous communities is that they have preserved their old traditions and live as they did hundreds of years ago. And you can see their way of life during your Arctic expedition!
Fact 6. “Ice Flowers” – Unbelievable Arctic Phenomenon
Rarely can we see floating ice flowers on the water. But it’s possible in the Arctic! What are they exactly? “Ice flowers” are tiny crystal bushes (3–4 centimeters in height) that drift around the Arctic waters. Unfortunately, they are short-lived: once the ice becomes thicker, they disappear.
Fact 7. Untouched by Humans – Arctic Nature Flora and Fauna
The Arctic is home to many rare animals and plant species. Only by visiting this region can you see its awe-inspiring nature. Imagine yourself there, marveling at running arctic reindeer or hares. Or maybe there is a snowy owl flying over your head while you’re taking photos of gorgeous flowering plants of purple saxifrage. Impressive, isn’t it?
Fact 8. Kayaking Originated from the Arctic
The ancient Inuits from Greenland are considered to be the inventors of kayaking. They used this method for hunting and fishing purposes. But now, kayaking doesn’t have the same purpose as it did a thousand years ago. It has become a popular activity, attracting more and more tourists to the Arctic region.
Fact 9. The Beluga Whales Love to Sing
These lovely sea creatures adore singing, and they are highly sociable, much like their close relative, the dolphin. Beluga whales are also called “sea canaries” due to their rich music repertoire. Why do they sing? Belugas send signals through singing to other whales from their pod. This way, it helps them navigate and hunt in the Arctic Ocean.
Fact 10. The Arctic Ocean is the Smallest on Earth
Even though the Arctic Ocean is the smallest among the five oceans (14 million kilometers in size), it’s also the coldest on Earth. But that’s not the main reason why millions of tourists go on an expedition around icy Arctic waters. Powerful icebergs, soaring seagulls, and wonderful marine animals must be seen at least once in your life.
Now that you’re familiar with many interesting facts about the Arctic Circle, perhaps it might inspire you to write your own traveling blog about the Northern Hemisphere. Be ready to embark on your arctic expedition and gain memorable experiences with Ragnar!