The Arctic Ocean hides incredible miracles inside. Covered by thick ice shields, even the sunlight can’t reach there. But if you’re brave enough to dive in the most profound shelf of the Arctic Ocean, your courage will be rewarded. And once you’ve got there, you’ll be amazed by its wonderful marine creatures.
Picture yourself marveling at spectacular arctic ocean life. You see a pink fish which shines brightly with their fins or observe how belugas are going to glide out of the ocean. There is so much to discover in the Arctic. And arctic marine animals are among them. From plankton to seals, you may find everything you’ve never seen in your life.
So, read our article to know more about arctic marine life.
What Animals Live in the Arctic Ocean?
Imagine that you’re an arctic explorer who wants to study creatures living in the Arctic Ocean. You dive in its mysterious depth. But you can’t see everything because it’s so dark. No worries. We have the list of arctic ocean creatures who you’re likely to see during your adventure:
It’s the main food supply in the Arctic Ocean. Plankton feed almost every marine creature in the dark blue waters – from small fish to gigantic whales. Hundreds of them live in the arctic realm, following the ocean currents as they can’t swim against them. But zooplankton and phytoplankton prevail among the other types of the plankton family in the arctic waters. If you want to differentiate between them, the best way to do it is to look at their habitat.
Phytoplankton is a plant that consumes the sunlight in the ocean. When warm spring arrives in the Arctic, it spreads a colorful bloom through icy waters. Zooplankton is a tiny animal which prefers to live in complete darkness.
These microalgae soar underneath the frozen Arctic Ocean. Diatoms are the only organisms on our planet with transparent cell walls, and sea ice is a perfect environment for them. Diatoms blossom there, creating various food webs across the ocean. Their role in the arctic ecosystem can’t be underestimated. Numerous fish species and zooplankton eat diatoms. Living creatures won’t survive without them in the deepest trenches of the Arctic Ocean. Sized between 2 and 200 micrometers hardly can a human eye catch diatoms.
The Arctic waters have innumerable critters. And not only walruses, seals, and whales swim there. The Northern Hemisphere is home to nearly 240 unusual arctic fish species. Rarely can you spot an unbelievable diversity of marine creatures with fins like in the Arctic Ocean.
Visualize yourself being an ocean diver who explores the hidden secrets of the arctic shelf. You can see a pink salmon playing joyfully with its tiny flippers or a toothy lamprey – a dangerous fishy hunter. The Arctic Ocean has a lot of undiscovered wonders. And you may experience them with your own eyes during your journey to the North!
Spotted, hooded, ribbon, bearded, harp, and ringed seals live in the Arctic region. The last three of them are well-adapted to live under the sea. For example, harp seals spend almost all year there. Only when they migrate to the South in spring, these cute creatures assemble to rest near the shorelines of Norway or Newfoundland.
A breeding season comes to female harp seals in February and March. Thousands of them get together to give birth to their babies on the ice floes. Ice shield is a shelter for them where they can rest and cuddle their kids. As global warming causes more ice melting in the Arctic, it’s more likely that harp seals won’t survive without ice flows in the long term.
About 17 species of arctic ocean whales inhabit the Northern Hemisphere. Narwhals, belugas, and humpbacks are among a few who you may see on your trip to the North Pole. So, how can you recognize them? Humpbacks have grey or white-colored fins. They are famous for their magical voices, and thus, you can hear them more than 10.000 miles away!
Narwhals have a long tusk that sticks out their heads. Sometimes male species might possess two of them. White-colored belugas are known as ‘canaries of the Arctic Ocean’ for their chirping. They are the smallest and the most sociable whale species who live, migrate, and hunt together in pods.
Discover the Polar Ocean Life With Ragnar!
Much of the Arctic Ocean can be explored by curious divers who jump through the ice hole. If you’re one of them, give it a try and it will be worth your efforts. The Arctic Ocean has countless undiscovered miracles, and marine life is full of them. Ragnar makes a solid contribution and collaborates with various scientific organizations to explore the unbelievable wonders of the Arctic Ocean.